Progress in governance across Africa has stalled since 2011, with deteriorating safety and lack of economic opportunity blunting any gains made on the human rights front especially in resource-rich nations, a survey reported on Monday.
The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) - the most comprehensive survey of its kind on the continent, rates 54 African nations against criteria such as security, human rights, economic stability, just laws, free elections, corruption, infrastructure, poverty, health and education.
Mauritius held onto its top spot, followed by Cape Verde, Botswana, South Africa and Namibia, but overall the index has improved just 0.2 basis points over four years and half of the top 10 ranked countries have declined, the survey found.
"We see countries that have conflicts, we see countries that have tensions, we need to pay attention," said Mo Ibrahim, a Sudanese telecoms tycoon who launched the foundation that compiles the report to promote better governance and economic development in Africa.
"A lot of these are self-inflicted wounds by presidents who do not want to leave power or people driven by personal greed, and that is criminal," he told Reuters in an interview.